Basic Blackjack Strategy


Blackjack is a card game that requires skill and luck. Players are dealt two cards, and the goal is to accumulate a value that is closer to 21 than the dealer’s. Cards are valued by their number, or face value (either a single number for face cards or a value of 10 for aces). The player can choose to hit, stand, split, double down, or surrender. Blackjack has been played for many centuries, and famous mathematicians like Julian Braun and John Scarne were among the first to understand its odds and probability.

Basic strategy is a set of rules that determine the best way to play a hand of blackjack based on what the dealer is showing. Each blackjack chart shows the best action to take based on your starting hand and the dealer’s upcard. This can seem complicated, but with practice you’ll learn to quickly read the blackjack chart and make the right decision for each situation.

When playing blackjack, it’s important to remember that you are not competing against the other players at your table, but against the dealer. Having the wrong mindset can have negative effects on your gameplay, and it’s essential to stick with the basics of the game when you play.

Some casinos offer side bets in blackjack that change the payouts you receive. For example, some tables may say “blackjack pays 3 to 2,” which means you win $3 for every $2 you wager. While this isn’t a bad deal, it’s important to keep in mind that you will still lose the same amount of money if you don’t get a blackjack.

The best strategy is to always stand on a hard 17 or higher. This will give you the best chance to beat the dealer, but you must be ready to bust if the dealer is showing an Ace or 10. When the dealer has a 10, it’s usually best to hit rather than stay, as this increases your chances of winning the hand.

If you are holding a pair of 8s or aces, you should split them, except against an up card of 2 to 7. This will reduce your total risk and increase the number of winning hands in the long run. It’s also a good idea to double down on an 11 in any situation, regardless of the dealer’s up card.

It’s best to stay on a soft 18 when the dealer has an Ace, and never buy with a soft 18. This is one of the least favorable situations in blackjack and you will only be giving the dealer a 22% chance of winning. However, if the dealer has a 4, you should hit as it’s better than losing to a push. It’s also worth noting that a double down on an 11 against a dealer with a ten is not a good option because it will lead to more losses than wins in the long run.